Tips on Creating ESL Resources to Reinforce Students’ Learning Part 3

creating your own resources part 3

Design Considerations:

  • Headings (Headings are a must on every piece of text or worksheet and should guide learners as to the content/topic/unit of the material. Be consistent with formatting so that your students can clearly distinguish between headings and subheadings and can use them as guides to tasks/reading and understanding the material.)
  • Text (Do not block text – as it is harder to read when block text is used throughout the worksheet. For emphasis use bold print, not italics.)
  • Text alignment (Do not fully justify text – it is best to left align text instead of centering. When text is centered, the spacing between words becomes uneven. As a result, the eye stops tracking and needs to readjust to the spacing.)
  • White space (Don’t make your worksheet too dense – please leave some white space. It’s much easier to follow the activity with lots of white space.)
  • Typeface (Make sure the text is easy to read – use simple fonts (e.g. Times Roman, Arial, Century Schoolbook, Trebuchet MS, etc. Use a bigger font size for low level learners or students with additional needs.)
  • Visuals (Use graphics/images/clipart/photos where appropriate.)
  • Footers and headers (If your learners are studying for a qualification, it is necessary to include the relevant unit/module of work and benchmarking criteria in the header/footer as the activity can be used for your students’ portfolios.)
  • Level of customisation (If you adapt/customise worksheets/materials/texts from other sources, you must acknowledge that source. It is also worth checking if permission is required to use the material (images, text, etc.).)
  • Dual Coding Theory (Read more here: )

Part 4 will cover the types of activities you can create for your students, essential Word Processing features you must know how to use and other relevant considerations.

Part 1
Part 2
Part 4


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